Turkey on Tuesday banned the import of polymer waste such as plastic bags and styrofoam cups following a public outcry over images of trash illegally dumped and burnt along roadsides, Agence France-Presse reported.
A notice from the trade ministry published in the government’s Official Gazette removed polymers from the waste products that can be imported into Turkey.
The vast nation of 84 million people has turned into a prime destination of European waste.
A report published by Greenpeace this month said Turkey has turned into the main recipient of British waste after China banned the import of many types of plastic in 2017.
“EU member states exported 20 times more plastic waste to Turkey in 2020 than they did in 2016, with the volume increasing from 22,000 tons to 447,000 tons,” the Greenpeace report said.
Eurostat data show Turkey receiving nearly a quarter of the plastic waste exported by EU nations in 2019.
The trade ministry’s notice gives companies 45 days to complete customs procedures for waste that was already in transit but had not yet reached Turkey.
The notice gave no other details but is effective from the day it was published.
Polymers are the synthetic building blocs of the material used to make everything from plastic bags to food wraps and many bottles.
They are also used in non-stick surfaces such as teflon.
Turkey’s decision has the potential to radically reshape the global recycling market.
Richers nations are scrambled for places to dump their trash after China shut its doors to most imports.
But environment group say Turkey has a notoriously poor recycling record.
“Almost 20 percent of the plastic waste entering the Mediterranean Sea each year — an estimated 110,000 ton – comes from Turkey, with only Egypt contributing more,” the Greenpeace report said.
“In 2019, Greenpeace Mediterranean tested fish in Turkish waters and found that almost half contained microplastics.”
The issue gained added attention in Turkey after AFP and other media found illegally dumped plastics visible in several sites in the southern province of Adana.
Recycling firms in Turkey have defended the rise in imports.
They argue that waste plastic allows the reuse of material that otherwise clogs landfills for decades.